Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Venice 1696 - Venice 1770)
A Caricature of a Man seen from Behind, with a Sword, Wearing a Cape and a Tricorne Hat Sold
Pen and brown ink and brown wash. The corners of the sheet cut. 177 x 112 mm. (7 x 4 3/8 in.)ENQUIRE
It is thought that caricatures by Giambattista and Domenico Tiepolo once made up at least three albums. Two of these abums, containing ‘an ample collection of humorous drawings by Tiepolo’ (‘una copiosa collezione di disegni umoristici del Tiepolo’), are recorded in the collection of Count Bernardino Corniani degli Algarotti in Venice in 1754. A further album of 106 drawings, entitled Tomo terzo di caricature and also possibly from the Algarotti-Corniani collection, was acquired by the bookseller John Grant at auction in Edinburgh in 1925 and sold by him to the collector Arthur Kay; the album seems to have remained intact until it was broken up and sold at auction in London in 1943. Assuming that there was a Tomo primo and a Tomo secondo, and a roughly equal number of drawings in all three albums, it may be determined that there must have been some three hundred of these caricatures. Around two hundred examples survive today, most of which are by Giambattista Tiepolo. They must have remained in the family studio after the elder Tiepolo’s death, since several were adapted by his son Domenico for figures in his late drawings, including the so-called Scenes from Contemporary Life and the Punchinello series. Many of these caricature drawings have cut corners, which suggests that they were once pasted into the albums. The present sheet may be presumed to have originated in the collection of the Conti Valmarana of Vicenza, which seems to have included a large number of Tiepolo caricatures. The drawings associated with the Valmarana collection are, for the most part, depictions of single figures, with most seen from behind. Some thirty-two of the caricatures from the Valmarana collection were acquired at an unknown date before 1959 by the dealer and collector Paul Wallraf (1897-1981), and of these fifteen are today in the Robert Lehman Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.Giambattista Tiepolo’s caricatures have generally been dated to his last Venetian period, following his return from Würzburg in 1753, and before his departure for Spain in 1762. In many of these caricatures in which the man is seen from behind, the subject appears to be urinating. As one recent scholar has written of this type of lively caricature, ‘Tiepolo did not represent specific people but rendered generalized types that must have been immediately recognizable to contemporaries. Their gestures are minimal, the details of their clothes are understated, and indications of setting are scant. Here, even their faces are not shown, yet enough is communicated by their physiques, shoulders, stances, and costumes to distinguish types.’
Possibly the Conte Sacchetto, PaduaPossibly the Conti Valmarana, VicenzaPossibly Paul Wallraf, Paris and LondonPossibly Stephen Spector, New YorkPossibly the anonymous sale, London, Christie’s, 25 March 1963, lot 325 (‘Caricature of a Man, standing, seen from behind, in tricorne hat, wig, short-skirted coat and sword, pen and black ink, grey wash, 6 3/4 in. by 4 1/2 in.’), bt. Lucas for 180 gns.