Giuseppe Bernardino BISON
(Palmanova 1762 - Milan 1844)
Three Figures in a Moonlit Landscape
Signed(?) with a monogram B on the verso.
Further inscribed 'acheté salle de ventes Fievez à Bruxelles 1919 / signature F. Goya / Goya y Lucientès (François) 1746-1828'. on the verso.
Further inscribed 'contrebandiers dans le montagne' on the verso.
217 x 294 mm. (8 1/2 x 11 1/2 in.)
Moonlit scenes are, nevertheless, somewhat unusual in Bison’s drawn oeuvre. Another such example is a Landscape with Monumental Sculptures in a Park in the Cleveland Museum of Art, which has been tentatively related to Bison’s set designs for a production of Mozart’s Don Giovanni at the Teatro Nuovo in Milan in 1842.
Stylistically comparable drawings may be found among a large group of pen and ink sketches by Bison, mainly dating from his time in Trieste during the first quarter of the 19th century, in the collection of the Fondazione Giuseppe Scaramangà di Altomonte in Trieste.
In the early 1800s Bison settled in Trieste, where among his most important works were the decoration of the Palazzo Carciotti with scenes from the Iliad, painted in monochromatic tempera between 1803 and 1804, and the ceiling of the Palazzo della Borsa Vecchia, completed in 1805. He also produced set designs and decorations, now lost, for theatres at Vipacco and Gorizia. In 1831, at the age of sixty-nine, Bison moved to Milan, where he was active for the remainder of his career. There he was particularly active as a scenographer, painting stage designs for the Teatro alla Scala and other theatres. Although his career lasted well into the 19th century, his style continued to retain something of the flavour of the Settecento. In 1842 an exhibition of around a hundred of Bison’s works was held in Rome. The artist died two years later, in relative penury despite his earlier successes.
Bison was an accomplished and prolific draughtsman, with an oeuvre of charming genre studies and landscapes in pen and ink wash or gouache. His earliest works show the influence of Giambattista Tiepolo and Francesco Guardi, while his later drawings tend towards Neoclassicism. His drawings encompass a wide and varied range of subjects, from religious narratives to genre scenes, capricci, and stage and ornament designs. Few of Bison’s many drawings, however, were done as preparatory studies for paintings, and he seems to have produced a large number of his drawings as independent works of art for sale; this is certainly true of his pastoral landscapes in gouache. Significant groups of drawings by Bison are today in the collections of the Castello Sforzesco in Milan, the Musei Civici in Trieste and the Cooper-Hewitt Museum in New York.
Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby’s, 9 July 2003, lot 67
Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd., in 2004
Private collection, Madrid.