(Nice 1872 - Paris 1899)

A Seated Artist, Possibly Toulouse-Lautrec, Drawing at an Easel

A study of the top half of the head of a man, seen from behind, drawn in charcoal on the verso.
Stamped with the artist’s monogram 'he' in a circle (not in Lugt) in black ink and numbered No.744 on the verso.
Stamped PROVENANT / DE LA COLLECTION: above C. De Mey [handwritten] on the verso. Stamped with a sale stamp CAMPO VEILING VENTE 1968 H. EVENEPOEL ANTWERPEN on the verso.
Numbered 56 on the verso.
305 x 212 mm. (12 x 8 3/8 in.)
Henri Evenepoel was fascinated by the life and people of Paris, and produced several paintings of crowded Parisian street scenes, figure types and genre subjects, in which the influence of artists like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Jean-Louis Forain is readily evident. Always interested in the graphic arts, Evenepoel collected prints, posters and magazine or newspaper illustrations by such artists as Toulouse-Lautrec, Forain, Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, Eugène Grasset, Adolphe Willette and Jules Chéret.

The present sheet may be a caricature portrait of the artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautec (1864-1901). Evenepoel was a great admirer of the artist’s work. Describing a visit to Lautrec’s Parisian studio in a letter to his father, sent in January 1895, he wrote that, ‘More than ever, I maintain that Toulouse-Lautrec is an artist of immense value and even that he is a complete artist. (Some two years earlier, after another visit to Lautrec’s studio, Evenepoel had wryly noted of the Frenchman that, ‘Toulouse-Lautrec does not much care what anybody thinks of his painting, but he would not forgive any slighting remarks about his American drinks.’) The subject of this drawing, however, is unbearded, unlike Toulouse-Lautrec throughout most of his life.

As noted on the verso, the present sheet belonged to Evenepoel’s illegitimate son Charles De May (1894-1964), born in November 1894 to the artist’s cousin, Louise De May-van Mattemburgh. Evenepoel lived with Louise and her husband Michel De Mey when he first arrived in Paris in 1892 to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He soon fell deeply in love with Louise, and had planned to marry her before his sudden death from typhoid in 1899.


Henri Evenepoel’s brief artistic career began with his initial training in the small art school at Sint-Josse-ten-Noode, before his enrollment in the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. In October 1892 he settled in Paris, completing his studies under Gustave Moreau at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where he met and befriended Henri Matisse, a fellow student. Evenepoel exhibited for the first time in April 1894 at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris, where he showed a portrait of his cousin Louise van Mattemburgh. He continued to paint a series of striking portraits, exhibiting four at the Salon de Champ-de-Mars in 1895, and indeed may be said to have been among the finest portrait painters of his time. Most of his subjects were family, friends and fellow artists, often shown full length against a neutral background, in a manner indebted to the example of Edouard Manet and James McNeill Whistler. He also painted urban scenes and genre subjects, designed advertising posters and produced lithographs and etchings, and was a keen photographer.

In October 1897 Evenepoel decided to travel to Algeria for the sake of his health, and during his six months there produced a number of paintings of Orientalist subjects, painted with bright colours. While he was spending the winter months in Algeria, he had his first one-man exhibition at the Cercle Artistique in Brussels. Evenepoel returned to Paris in May 1898, and soon began to achieve a measure of critical and commercial success, but this was cut short by his death the following year from typhoid fever, at the age of just twenty-seven. Retrospective exhibitions of Evenepoel’s work were held at the Galerie Georges Giroux in Brussels in 1913 and 1932, at the Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts in Antwerp in 1953 and at the Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts in Brussels in 1972.

As the artist’s biographer Francis Hyslop has written, ‘For his contemporaries Evenepoel’s “modernism” consisted principally in his choice of subjects, and most modern painters were indiscriminately lumped together as “Impressionists”...Far from being an Impressionist, Evenepoel was actually a Realist in the line of Courbet, Daumier, Manet, Degas, and Toulouse-Lautrec. Like those artists he was concerned with much more than the raw presentation of nature; artistic and ideal considerations always played a significant part in his interpretations of the visual world. Evenepoel’s realism was usually refined, delicate, and poetic. The artist’s conviction and sensibility gave vitality to his painting...In spite of his painfully short career, Evenepoel left a substantial body of fine pictures that possess a durable value.’


Probably the artist’s cousin, Louise De May-van Mattemburgh, Brussels

By descent to their son, Charles De May, Brussels

Probably Roland Leten, Ghent

Evenepoel (Leten?) sale, Antwerp, Galerie Campo, 3 October 1968

Private collection, England.



A Seated Artist, Possibly Toulouse-Lautrec, Drawing at an Easel