Mosé BIANCHI (Monza 1840 - Monza 1904)
Studies of Women [recto], Two Studies of a Woman Holding a Laurel Wreath [verso]
Pen and brown ink, with touches of watercolour, over an underdrawing in black chalk, on laid paper.
The verso in black chalk, and pen and brown ink.
Numbered 61.18 on the recto, and 23 on the verso.
Inscribed with a signature of a Bernasconi heir, dated 1977, on the verso.
535 x 386 mm. (21 1/8 x 15 1/4 in.)
Both sides of this large drawing are related to the decoration of the Villa Giovanelli in Lonigo, where Mosé Bianchi was commissioned in 1877 to paint a series of frescoes for the ground floor rooms. A family of bankers and merchants, the Giovanelli were well known as collectors and connoisseurs, and their employment of Bianchi served to enhance the artist’s reputation and led to further fresco commissions. Much of the effect of these ceiling frescoes, painted in three rooms of the villa, has today been lost as a result of poor restoration and conservation. It is only through the surviving preparatory studies and oil sketches for these frescoes that some sense of their Tiepolesque 'freschezza' can be appreciated.
The main figure on the recto of this sheet would appear to be a first idea for the figure of Flora in the fresco of the same subject in the sala della musicaof the villa. The pose of the figure is, however, somewhat closer to a preparatory oil sketch for the fresco, in an Italian private collection, than to the final work.
The verso of the present sheet contains two studies for a figure in the fresco of Glory and Historyin the Sala degli Arazzi of the villa. A chalk study for the entire figure, also from the Bernasconi collection, was on the art market in New York in 1987, while a drawing of a seated female figure seen from below, again from the Bernasconi collection and today in an Italian private collection, has also been regarded as an early study for one of the figures in the Glory and History fresco in the Villa Giovanelli.
This drawing was part of a large group of paintings and drawings by Mosé Bianchi purchased from the artist by the brothers Juan (d.1920) and Felix Bernasconi (d.1914). The Bernasconi brothers were prominent Milanese industrialists who formed an impressive collection of works by contemporary Italian painters of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Acquired from the artist by Juan and Felix Bernasconi, Milan
By descent in the Bernasconi family to Maria Elvira Celia Mendez(?) de Bernasconi (her signature in blue ink on the verso), by 1977
The Bernasconi sale (‘The Bernasconi Collection of Italian Pictures and Drawings of the 19th Century’), London, Christie’s, 27 March 1987, lot unidentified
Borghi & Co., New York, in 1987
Private collection, New York
P. & D. Colnaghi, London, in 1995
Private collection, London.