Benjamin Robert HAYDON (Plymouth 1786 - London 1846)

Study of a Man’s Clasped Hands, Said to be Those of William Wordsworth Sold

Pencil, heightened with white chalk.
243 x 302 mm. (9 1/2 x 11 7/8 in.) [sheet]

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This drawing is said to depict the hands of a previous owner of the sheet, the English Romantic poet William Wordsworth (1770-1850). Haydon met Wordsworth around 1814 and the two became close and lifelong friends. Haydon held Wordsworth in very high regard, producing a number of portrait drawings and paintings of him, notably a drawing of 1819 in the collection of the Wordsworth Trust and a painting of Wordsworth on Helvellyn of 1842, now in the National Portrait Gallery in London. Haydon also had a life mask of the author made in 1815. As the artist recorded in his diary entry for June 13th, 1815: ‘I had a cast made yesterday of Wordsworth’s face. He bore it like a philosopher...Wordsworth was sitting in the other room in my dressing gown, with his hands folded, sedate, steady & solemn.’ The present sheet may perhaps have been drawn at this time.

The significance that Haydon placed on the hands of his sitters is seen in his desire to study and draw from Wordsworth’s hands for his portrayal of the poet in the large painting of Christ’s Entry into Jerusalem. As Haydon’s modern biographer has noted, ‘The cast would prove a useful reference for the artist when his subject was not available to it in person. When the time came, however, to put Wordsworth’s head into the painting, Haydon wrote to enquire when he would be back in town. ‘I wish to have your hands and every part as it ought to be’, he explained, ‘which one cannot do from a cast.’ Ever alert to posterity, Wordsworth wrote back to say that it so happened he had had casts made of both hands and hoped ‘the substitute may not be wholly useless.’’ The casts of Wordworth’s hands were duly delivered to Haydon.

A similar drawing of the left hand of the artist Sir David Wilkie, another close friend of Haydon’s, appeared at auction in London in 2003, while a stylistically comparable study of the arms of a woman crossed over her breast, albeit of much larger dimensions, is in the British Museum.

Provenance:
William Wordsworth, Rydal Mount, Ambleside;
Thence by descent to his great-great-great nephew, Prof. Jonathan Wordsworth, Oxford, until 1999
His (anonymous) sale, London, Sotheby’s, 15 July 1999, lot 100
Agnew’s, London, in 2000
Bought from them in 2001 by a private collection, USA.

Benjamin Robert HAYDON

Study of a Man’s Clasped Hands, Said to be Those of William Wordsworth

C030

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