Friedrich Wilhelm SCHWINGE (Hamburg 1852 - Hamburg 1913)
Landscape with Dunes
Gouache. Signed and dated Fr. Schwinge 1901 at the lower left.376 x 697 mm. (14 3/4 x 27 5/8 in.)ENQUIRE
The present sheet may depict the dunes on Schiermonnikoog, a small island which is one of the West Frisian Islands in the northern Netherlands, and which Friedrich Schwinge is known to have visited. Privately owned since the 17th century, the island was acquired in 1859 by a Dutchman, John Eric Banck, who planted marram grass on the island’s sand dunes to stabilize them. In 1878 Banck sold Schiermonnikoog to a German count, Hartwig Arthur von Bernstorff-Wehningen, in whose family it remained until just after the Second World War, when it was confiscated by the Dutch government, becoming an independent municipality in 1949. The island, which is sixteen kilometres in length by four in width, became an independent municipality in 1949 and is today the site of the first national park in the Netherlands. Schwinge painted a view of its coastal sand dunes of Schiermonnikoog in 1898, while another painting of the interior of the island appeared at auction in Germany in 2009.