Claude-Emile SCHUFFENECKER

(Fresnes-Saint-Mames 1851 - Paris 1934)

Portrait of Amedée Schuffenecker, the Artist’s Brother

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Pencil.
Studies of heads of two bulls in pencil on the verso.
Signed C. Schuffenecker at the lower right centre and inscribed portrait de Amedée Schuffenecker at the lower left.
Indistinctly inscribed (colour notes?) on the verso.
222 x 148 mm. (8 3/4 x 5 3/4 in.) [sheet]
The present sheet is a portrait of the painter’s younger brother, Léon Paul Amédée Schuffenecker (1854-1936), who worked as a wine merchant in Meudon, and later became a dealer in paintings, furniture and musical instruments. In 1903, shortly before the artist’s divorce, Amédée agreed to purchase almost the entirety of his brother’s collection of avant-garde paintings by Gauguin, Van Gogh, Cezanne, and other artists. Although this was apparently done in order to keep them in the family and to prevent the paintings being sold by the artist’s wife after the divorce, in fact many of the works in the collection were later sold by Amédée, mainly through other dealers, and often in Germany. He is also known to have himself acquired a number of works by Van Gogh from the artist’s sister-in-law, Johanna van Gogh-Bonger, in 1906. At Amédée Schuffenecker’s death, the remainder of his collection was inherited by Emile’s daughter, Jeanne.



Born in the Franche-Comté, Émile Schuffenecker studied with Paul Baudry in Paris in 1870, and later met Paul Gauguin when both worked at the stock brokerage firm of Bertin. He remained close friends with Gauguin throughout his life, and an extensive correspondence between the two artists survives. The stock market crash of 1882 led Schuffenecker to abandon his career as a stockbroker, and to support himself as an art teacher; a career he maintained, alongside his work as an artist, until 1914. In 1884 Schuffenecker was one of the founders of the Société des Artistes Indépendants and, along with Albert Dubois-Pillet and Odilon Redon, signed the statutes of the organization. Among the artists exhibiting at the inaugural Salon des Indépendants was Georges Seurat, whose work greatly impressed Schuffenecker. Two years later, Seurat’s painting of A Sunday Afternoon on the Grande Jatte was exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants to immense popular interest and critical attention, alongside works by Paul Signac, Henri-Edmond Cross and other Neo-Impressionists. Schuffenecker, who himself briefly painted in a pointilliste manner, was invited to take part in the eighth and final Impressionist exhibition in 1886. He began to sell his paintings around 1888, after Theo Van Gogh held an exhibition of his work, alongside that of Gauguin and Federico Zandomeneghi, at the Boussod & Valadon gallery in Paris. The following year Schuffenecker organized an exhibition at the Café Volpini of paintings by the Groupe Impressioniste et Synthésiste, including works by himself, Gauguin, Emile Bernard, Louis Anquetin and others.

The only solo exhibition of Schuffenecker’s work to be held in his lifetime took place in 1896 at the Librarie de l’Art Indépendant in Paris, and included seventeen paintings, twenty-one pastels and three drawings. Although by no means wealthy, Schuffenecker was able to support the careers of Gauguin, Emile Bernard and other artists, whose works he purchased. In time he came to own a large number of works by Gauguin, as well paintings by Cezanne and Van Gogh and drawings by Odilon Redon and Charles Filiger, although he was forced to sell his collection following his divorce in 1903. As an artist, Schuffenecker remains relatively little known today in comparison to Gauguin and some of his contemporaries, and only a handful of exhibitions have been devoted to him outside of France. Indeed, he remained relatively obscure even in his lifetime, once describing himself as a man who, ‘placed in the margin, made himself at home there, without bitterness, without desire.’

Provenance

The estate of the artist, with the atelier monogram (not in Lugt) stamped at the lower right
By descent to his daughter, Jeanne Schuffenecker, Paris
Jacques Fouquet (Galerie Les Deux Iles), Paris
Anonymous sale, Morlaix, 7 August 1995, lot 175.

Literature

Jill Grossvogel, ‘Margin & Image’, in Jill Grossvogel, Claude-Emile Schuffenecker, exhibition catalogue, Binghamton and New York, 1980-1981, p.8, fig.3; René Porro, Claude-Emile Schuffenecker: Une oeuvre melodieuse, Combeaufontaine, 1992, p.26. fig.10; Jill-Elyse Grossvogel, Claude-Emile Schuffenecker: Catalogue Raisonné, Vol.I,, San Francisco, 2000, p.188, no.506; Daniel Wildenstein, Sylvie Crussard and Martine Heudron, Gauguin: A Savage in the Making. Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings (1873-1888), Paris and Milan, 2002, Vol.I, p.222.

Exhibition

Pont-Aven, Musée de Pont-Aven and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Musée Départemental Maurice Denis ‘Le Prieuré’, Emile Schuffenecker 1851-1934, 1996-1997 (ex-catalogue).

Claude-Emile SCHUFFENECKER

Portrait of Amedée Schuffenecker, the Artist’s Brother